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A variable perennial grass typically forming a small tussock. Leaves are long, narrow and rough on the upper surface and margins. They often twist slightly along their length. A distinctive ‘flag leaf’ occurs below the seed head and projects at right angles from the stem. The seeds are housed in the centre of the seed head with the long, rough awns projecting outwards, giving the impression of a series of nested V shapes.
Seed germinates with or without awns, though cleaned seed may be more successful.
Late winter to summer. Out of season flowering is known.
A minor component of most native wood-lands and grasslands in the region. Disappears from grazed areas.

Based on the flora of the Graham Centre Biodiversity Nursery